Robert Enright

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Educational Psychology
School of Education
UW-Madison
859 Education Sciences
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Tel: 608/262-3432
Fax: 608/262-0843

Email: edpsych@education.wisc.edu
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Robert Enright

Profile Photo

Robert Enright

Professor
Educational Psychology (EdPsych)

863H Educational Sciences  binoculars icon
1025 West Johnson Street
Madison, WI 53706-1706
Office: 608/262-0835
Fax: 608/262-0843

renright@wisc.edu

Personal Biography

Professor Enright has pioneered the scientific study of forgiveness, which now claims over 1,000 researchers worldwide. He has been honored with a Vilas Associateship Award, the Dean’s Club Faculty Achievement Award, and the campus-wide Hilldale Award in the Social Studies Division for his research on forgiveness. His National Conference on Forgiveness was the first of its kind on any university campus. His various research grants have centered on moral development. One of the most gifted teachers on campus, Dr. Enright is a recipient of the Chancellor's Distinguished Teaching Award and the Wisconsin Student Association Teaching Award. He teaches courses in moral development with an emphasis on the psychology of forgiveness. He is a popular speaker on the moral development of forgiveness, with his work appearing in such outlets as Time magazine, the Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, and ABC’s 20/20. He is a former member of the editorial board of Child Development and is currently on the editorial board of the Journal of Early Adolescence.



 

 

Non-Credit Teaching

  • Description: I led two workshops on forgiveness education for teachers in Belfast, Northern Ireland and one for teachers in Milwaukee’s central city.
    Start Date: 2008, End Date: 2008

Research Interests

My research interests center on moral development, particularly the development of forgiveness. There are three primary research projects concerning forgiveness on which students and I are working. One is a process model that postulates a series of steps involved in one person forgiving another. My students and I are currently developing a series of interventions on forgiveness aimed at youth and adults who have suffered from various kinds of interpersonal injustice. The second project is the development of a scale to measure forgiveness. We have examined the validity of this scale in six different cultures to date. The scale is published by Mind Garden. The third area of research centers on the development of forgiveness education materials for children in violent and impoverished environments. We have tested the effectiveness of the forgiveness education approach in Belfast, Northern Ireland, for example.

Publications

  • Enright, R.D. (in press). The 8 keys to forgiveness. The 8 keys to forgiveness. New York: Norton.
  • Enright, R.D. (in press). Foreword. In M. Francesco and B. Barcaccia (Eds.).
  • Enright, R.D. (2014). Forgiveness. In A. Wenzel (Ed.), Sage encyclopedia of abnormal and clinical psychology.
  • Hirshberg, M., & Enright, R.D. (2014). Forgiveness and self-renewal. In R. Wicks & E. Maynard (Eds.). Clinician’s Guide to Self-Renewal.
  • Holter, A., Magnuson, C., & Enright, R.D. (in press). Forgiveness is a matter of choice. In S. Lopez, S. & J. Rettew (Eds.), Positive psychology perspective series.
  • Enright, R.D. (2014). Forgiveness: The missing piece to the peace puzzle. In R. Cessario (Ed.) Violence, Forgiveness, and the Moral Order: The John Henry Newman Series.
  • Rique, J., Enright, R.D., Seibel, B., & Kolller, S. (in press). Positive psychology and interpersonal forgiveness within cultures. In Marujo, H. A. & Neto, L. M. (Eds.), Positive nations and communities: Collective, qualitative and cultural-sensitive processes in positive psychology.
  • Enright, R.D., & Fitzgibbons, R. (in press). Forgiveness therapy. Forgiveness therapy. APA Books.
  • Enright, R.D. (2012). Forgiveness Landscape Rating Scale. Forgiveness Landscape Rating Scale.
  • Enright, R.D. (2012). Renewing communities through forgiveness education: A prospect for peace. In E. Toffano (Ed.) “Che vivano liberi e felici.”.
  • Enright, R.D. (2012). The forgiving life. The forgiving life. APA Books.
  • Osterndorf, C., Enright, R.D., Holter, A., & Klatt, J. Treating adult children of alcoholics through forgiveness therapy. Unpublished Manuscript, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 29, 274-292.
  • Holter, A., Magnuson, C., & Enright, R.D. (2010). Application and assessment of interpersonal forgiveness. In E. Mpofu & T. Oakland (Eds.), Rehabilitation and health assessment, (pp. (pp. 453-472).
  • Enright, R.D., Knutson, J., & Holter, A. (2010). Turning from hatred to community friendship: Forgiveness education as a resource for strategic peacebuilding in post-accord Belfast. In D. Phil-pott (Ed.) Strategic peacebuilding.
  • Lee, Y., & Enright, R.D. Fathers' forgiveness as a moderator between perceived unfair treatment by a family of origin member and anger with own children. Unpublished Manuscript, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 17, 22-31.
  • Klatt, J., & Enright, R.D. Investigating the place of forgiveness within the Positive Youth Development paradigm. Unpublished Manuscript, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 38, 35-52.
  • Waltman, M.A., Russell, D.C., Coyle, C.T., Enright, R.D., Holter, A.C., & Swoboda, C. (2009). The effects of forgiveness intervention on patients with coronary artery disease. Psychology and Health. 24, 11-27.
  • Gambaro, M., Enright, R.D., Baskin, T., & Klatt, J. (2008). Can school-based forgiveness counseling improve conduct and academic achievement in academically at-risk adolescents? Journal of Research in Education. 18, 16-27.
  • Enright, R.D., & Knutson, J. (2008). Discovering forgiveness: A guided curriculum for children ages 6-8. In C.W. LeCroy (Ed.) Handbook of evidence-based treatment manuals for children and adolescents.
  • Enright, R.D., & Knutson Enright, J.A. (2008). Discovering forgiveness: A guided curriculum for children ages 6-8. In C.W. LeCroy (Eds.), Handbook of evidence-based treatment manuals for children and adolescents. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Enright, R.D., & Knutson, J. (2008). Must the gravely offended forgive? In Character. Fall.
  • Holter, A., Martin, J., & Enright, R.D. (2008). Restoring justice through forgiveness: The case of chil-dren in Northern Ireland. In D. Sullivan and L. Tifft (Eds.) Handbook of Restorative Justice: A Global Perspective.
  • Magnuson, C., & Enright, R.D. (2008). The church as forgiving community: An initial model. Journal of Psychology and Theology. 36, 114-123.
  • Holter, A., Magnuson, C., Knutson, C., Knutson Enright, J., & Enright, R.D. (2008). The forgiving child: The impact of forgiveness education on excessive anger for elementary-aged children in Milwaukee’s central city. Journal of Research in Education. 18, 82-93.
  • Knutson, J.A., Enright, R.D., & Garbers, B. (2008). Validating the developmental pathway of forgiveness. Journal of Counseling and Development. 86, 193-199.
  • Enright, R.D., Knutson Enright, J., Holter, A., Baskin, T., & Knutson, C. (2008). Waging peace through forgiveness in Belfast, Northern Ireland III. Journal of Research in Education. 18, 128-131.
  • Knutson, J.A., & Enright, R.D. (2007). Be your best self (with an emphasis on giving and receiving forgiveness). Madison, WI: International Forgiveness Institute.
  • Enright, R.D. (2007). Forgiveness. In J. Varacalli, S. Krason, R. Myers, and M. Coulter (Eds.) Encyclo-pedia of Catholic social thought, social science, and social policy.
  • McKay, K.M., Hill, M.S., Freedman, S.R., & Enright, R.D. (2007). Towards a feminist empowerment model of forgiveness in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 44, 14-29.
  • Enright, R.D., Knutson, J.A., Holter, A.C., Baskin, T., & Knutson, C. (2007). Waging peace through forgiveness in Belfast, Northern Ireland II: Educational programs for mental health improvement of children. Journal of Research in Education, pp. 63-78.
  • Enright, R.D. (2006). Be your best self: A guided curriculum for students, ages 11-13. Madison, WI: International Forgiveness Institute.
  • Orathinkal, J., Vansteenwegen, A., Stroobants, R., & Enright, R.D. (2006). Further validation of the Dutch version of the EFI. Community Mental Health Journal.
  • Knutson, J.A., & Enright, R.D. (2006). Joyful forgiveness: A guided curriculum for children, ages 9-12. Madison, WI: International Forgiveness Institute.
  • Holter, A.C., Magnuson, C., & Enright, R.D. Forgiveness intervention and assessment. Manuscript submitted for publication. New York: Springer.
  • Holter, A.C., Magnuson, C., & Enright, R.D. Forgiveness is a matter of choice. Manuscript submitted for publication. Westport, CT: Praeger.
  • Freedman, S., & Enright, R.D. A progress report on the process model of forgiveness. Unpublished Manuscript, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
  • Enright, R.D. (2004). Enright Forgiveness Inventory. Psychological Instrument.
  • Enright, R.D., & Rique, J. (2004). Manual for the Enright Forgiveness Inventory. Manual for the Enright Forgiveness Inventory.
  • Enright, R.D. (2004). Rising above the storm clouds. Rising above the storm clouds. APA Books.
  • Enright, R.D. (2001). Forgiveness is a choice. Forgiveness is a choice. APA Books.
  • Enright, R.D., & Fitzgibbons, R. (2000). Helping clients forgive: An empirical guide for resolving anger and restoring hope. Helping clients forgive: An empirical guide for resolving anger and restoring hope. APA Books.
  • Enright, R.D. (1999). Forgiveness. Encyclopedia of emotions and behavior.
  • Enright, R.D. (1998). Comprehensive bibliography on interpersonal forgiveness. In R.D. Enright & J. North (Eds.), Exploring forgiveness.
  • Enright, R.D., & North, J. (1998). Exploring forgiveness. Exploring forgiveness.
  • Coyle, C., & Enright, R.D. (1998). Forgiveness education with adult learners. In M. C. Smith & T. Pourchot (Eds.), Adult learning and development: Perspectives from educational psychology.
  • Enright, R.D., & North, J. (1998). Introducing forgiveness. In R.D. Enright & J. North (Eds.), Exploring forgiveness.
  • Enright, R.D., & Coyle, C. (1998). Researching the process model of forgiveness within psychological interventions. In E. L. Worthington (Ed.), Dimensions of forgiveness: Psychological research and theological perspectives.
  • Enright, R.D., Freedman, S., & Rique, J. (1998). The psychology of interpersonal forgiveness. In R.D. Enright & J. North (Eds.), Exploring forgiveness.
  • Enright, R.D., Gassin, E., Longinovic, T., & Loudon, D. (1995). Forgiveness as a solution to social crisis. In S. Krnjajic (Ed.), Morality and social crisis.
  • Enright, R.D. (1994). Piaget on the moral development of forgiveness: Reciprocity or identity? Human Development.
  • Hebl, J., & Enright, R.D. (1993). Forgiveness as a psychotherapeutic goal with elderly females. Psychotherapy.
  • Moore, C., Hembree, J., & Enright, R.D. (1993). The unfolding of justice: A developmental perspective on reward allocation. In B. Mellers and J. Baron (Eds.), Psychological perspectives on justice..
  • Enright, R.D., Gassin, E., & Wu, C. (1992). Forgiveness: A developmental view. Journal of Moral Education.
  • Enright, R.D., Eastin, D., Golden, S., Sarinopoulos, I., & Freedman, S. (1992). Interpersonal forgiveness within the helping professions: An attempt to resolve differences of opinion. Counseling and Val-ues.
  • Enright, R.D., Sarinopoulos, I., Al-Mabuk, R., & Freedman, S. (1992). The moral development approach: Justice and forgiveness. Psychological interventions.
  • Enright, R.D. (1991). The moral development of forgiveness. Handbook of moral behavior and development, (pp. 123-152).
  • Ganiere, D., & Enright, R.D. (1990). Exploring three approaches to identity development. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.
  • Enright, R.D., & Santos, M. (1990). Holocaust survivors: Coping with post-traumatic memories in childhood and forty years later. Journal of Traumatic Stress,.
  • Mazor, A., Gampel, Y., Enright, R.D., & Orenstein, R. (1990). Holocaust survivors: Coping with post-traumatic memories in childhood and forty years later. Journal of Traumatic Stress.
  • Lapsey, D., Enright, R.D., & Serlin, R. (1989). Moral and social education. The adolescent as decision maker: Applications to development and education.
  • Enright, R.D., & Zell, R. (1989). Problems encountered when we forgive one another. Journal of Psy-chology and Christianity.
  • Enright, R.D., Santos, M., & Al-Mabuk, R. (1989). The adolescent as forgiver. Journal of Adolescence.
  • Mazor, A., & Enright, R.D. (1988). The development of the individuation process from a social-cognitive perspective. Journal of Adolescence.
  • Enright, R.D., Levy, V., Harris, D., & Lapsley, D. (1987). Do economic conditions influence how theorists view adolescents? Journal of Youth and Adolescence.
  • Buss, R., & Enright, R.D. (1987). Helping adolescents improve their ego identity. Working with troubled adolescents.
  • Jackson, S., Enright, R.D., & Murdock, J. (in press). Social perspective problems in adolescents with learning disabilities: Developmental lag versus perceptual deficit. Journal of Learning Disabilities.
  • Enright, R.D., Lapsley, D., & Olson, L. (1986). Moral judgment and the social cognitive developmental research programme. Lawrence Kohlberg: Consensus and controversy.
  • Enright, R.D., Lapsley, D., & Olson, V. (1986). Reply & Reason? Lawrence Kohlberg: Consensus and controversy.
  • Enright, R.D., & Lapsley, D.K. Early adolescence throughout American history. Unpublished Manuscript, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 5(4).
  • Enright, R.D., Lapsley, D., & Olson, L. (1985). Early adolescent labor in Colonial Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay. Journal of Early Adolescence.
  • Lapsley, D., Enright, R.D., & Serlin,, R. (1985). Toward a traditional perspective on the legislation of adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence,.
  • Enright, R.D., Olson, L., Ganiere, D., Lapsley, D., & Buss, R. (1984). A clinical model for en-hancing adolescent ego-identity. Journal of Adolescence.
  • Enright, R.D., Olson, L., Ganiere, D., Lapsley, D., & Buss, R. (1984). A clinical model for enhancing adolescent ego-identity. Journal of Adolescence.
  • Enright, R.D., Bjerstedt, A., Enright, W., Levy, V., Lapsley, D., Buss, R., Harwell, M., & Zindler, M. (1984). Distributive justice development: Cross-cultural, contextual, and longitudinal evaluations. Child Development.
  • Enright, R.D., Lapsley, D., Franklin, C., & Steuck, K. (1984). Longitudinal and cross-cultural vali-dation of the belief discrepancy reasoning construct. Developmental Psychology.
  • Enright, R.D. (1984). The fundamentalist Christian high school: Just what is pluralism, anyway? Contemporary Education Review.
  • Lapsey, D., & Enright, R.D. (1983). A cognitive developmental model of rigidity in senescence. International Journal of Aging and Human Development.
  • Enright, R.D., Lapsley, D., Cullen, J., & Lallensack, M. (1983). A psychometric examination of Rasmussen's Ego Identity Scale. International Journal of Behavioural Development.
  • Enright, R.D., Lapsley, D., & Cullen, J. (1983). A psychometric examination of Rasmussen's Ego Identity Scale. International Journal of Behavioural Development.
  • Enright, R.D., Roberts, P., & Lapsey, D. (1983). Belief discrepancy reasoning in the elderly. International Journal of Aging and Human Development.
  • Enright, R.D., Levy, V., & Lapsey, D. (1983). Moral education in early adolescence. Theory into Practice.
  • Enright, R.D., Lapsley, D., & Levy, V. (1983). Moral education strategies. Cognitive strategy training: Educational, clinical, and social applications.
  • Enright, R.D., Ganiere, D., Buss, R., & Olson, L. (1983). Promoting identity de-velopment in adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence.
  • Enright, R.D. (1982). A classroom discipline model for promoting social cognitive development in early childhood. Journal of Moral Education.
  • Enright, R.D., & Lapsley, D. (1982). Adolescents as an oppressed class. Contemporary Education Review,.
  • Lapsey, D., & Fehr, L. (1981). Coordination of perspectives: The comparability of results. Journal of Genetic Psychology.
  • Enright, R.D., Enright, W., & Lapsey, D. (1981). Distributive justice development and social class: A replication. Developmental Psychology.
  • Enright, R.D., & Lapsley, D. (1981). Judging others who hold opposite beliefs: The development of belief discrepancy reasoning. Child Development.
  • Enright, R.D., & Hendel, D. (1980). A college program to increase moral development. Journal of Moral Education.
  • Enright, R.D., Shukla, D., & Lapsey, D. (1980). Adolescent egocentrism-sociocentrism and self-consciousness. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.
  • Enright, R.D., & Sutterfield, S. (1980). An ecological validation of social cognitive development. Child Development.
  • Enright, R.D. (1980). An integration of social cognitive development and cognitive processing: Educa-tional applications. American Educational Research Journal.
  • Enright, R.D., Franklin, C., & Manheim, L. (1980). Children's distributive justice reasoning: A standardized and objective scale. Developmental Psychology.
  • Enright, R.D., Manheim, L., & Harris, B. (1980). Distributive justice development and social class. Developmental Psychology,.
  • Enright, R.D., Lapsley, D., Drivas, A., & Fehr, L. (1980). Parental influence on the development of adolescent autonomy and identity. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.
  • Enright, R.D., & Lapsley, D. (1980). Social role-taking: A review of the constructs, measures, and measurement properties. Review of Educational Research.
  • Enright, R.D., Lapsley, D., & Shukla, D. (1979). Adolescent egocentrism in early and late adoles-cence. Adolescence.
  • Lapsey, D., & Enright, R.D. (1979). An American validation of the Conservatism Scale. The Journal of Social Psychology.
  • Enright, R.D., & Sutterfield, S. (1979). reating the regular class child in the mainstream process: In-creasing social cognitive development. Psychology in the Schools.
  • Enright, R.D., & Deist, S. (1979). Social perspective taking as a component of identity formation. Ado-lescence.
  • D., H., & Enright, R.D. (1978). An evaluation of a full-time work study program for undergraduates. Alternative Higher Education.
  • Enright, R.D. (1978). Promoting interpersonal and moral growth in elementary schools. Character Po-tential: A Record of Research.
  • Enright, R.D. (1977). A social cognitive developmental intervention program with sixth and first graders. The Counseling Psychologist. 6(4).
  • Enright, R.D. (1977). Interpersonal conceptions. Developmental psychology: Theory and educational implications.
  • Enright, R.D. (1976). Social cognition in children: A model for intervention. The Counseling Psycholo-gist.

Presentations

  • Lee, Y., & Enright, R.D. (2008). Fathers' forgiveness of a family of origin member, Annual Meeting, American Psychological Association, Boston, MA.
  • Enright, R.D., & Holter, A.C. (2007). Forgiveness education: Anger reduction for elementary-aged children in impoverished communities served by the Alliance for Catholic Education, American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.
  • Enright, R.D., Presenter & Author, & Knutson Enright, J.A. (2006, December 5). Forgiveness principles and practices, University of Wisconsin Outreach, Milwaukee, WI.
  • Enright, R.D., Presenter & Author, Knutson Enright, J.A., & Holter, A.C. (2006, November 7). Turning from resentment to community friendship: Forgiveness education in post-accord Belfast, Strategic Peace-Building Conference, 20th Anniversary Conference of the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame.
  • Enright, R.D. Psychological science of forgiveness: Implications for psychotherapy and education, Neuroscienza e Azione Morale, Rome Italy, Neuroscienza e Azione Morale,, Rome, Italy.
  • Enright, R.D. Building a psychology of forgiveness: Implications for psychotherapy and education, Invited address, University of Padua, Italy, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.
  • Enright, R.D., Presenter Only Forgiveness education in conflict zones, World Youth Alliance Conference, World Youth Alliance, Yale University.
  • Enright, R.D., Presenter Only Forgiveness: The missing piece to the peace puzzle, National Peace Conference, Marquette University, Marquette University.
  • Enright, R.D., Presenter Only Forgiveness therapy, Italian Catholic Association of Psychiatrists and Psychologists, same as above, Florence, Italy.
  • Lee, Y., Presenter & Author, & Enright, R.D., Author Only The association between childhood abuse and fibromyalgia syndrome: Implications for forgiveness education with fibromyalgia patients., American Educational Research Association, AERA, San Diego, CA.

Awards and Honors

  • Honored Instructors Award
    Organization: Academic Initiatives of the Division of University Housing, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Purpose: Teaching
    Scope: UW Madison
    Date(s): 2013
  • Cecil Findley Distinguished Service Award
    Organization: The Crossing
    Description: for international peacemaking
    Date(s): April 13, 2012
  • Distinguished Peace Educator of the Year Award
    Organization: Wisconsin Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies Honored Instructors Award, Academic Initiatives of the Division of University Housing, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Scope: UW Madison
    Date(s): 2009
  • Distinguished Peace Educator of the Year Award, 2008-2009,
    Organization: Wisconsin Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies
    Date(s): September 1, 2008 - August 31, 2009
  • Hilldale Award - Social Sciences Division
    Organization: University of Wisconsin
    Purpose: Scholarship/Research
    Date(s): 2007
  • Paul Harris Fellow
    Organization: Rotary International
    Purpose: Scholarship/Research
    Scope: International
    Description: for work in the peace movement
    Date(s): 2006
  • Who's Who in American Education
    Scope: National
    Date(s): 2006
  • Who’s Who In America
    Scope: National
    Date(s): 2005
  • The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill and Community Service Providers of Wisconsin
    Purpose: Scholarship/Research
    Scope: National
    Description: Outstanding Research award (for our forgiveness intervention at the Tellurian UCAN drug rehabilitation center)
    Date(s): March 2003
  • Aaron T. Beck Institute’s national award
    Organization: Assumption College
    Purpose: Scholarship/Research
    Scope: Other University
    Date(s): 1997 - 1998
  • Dean’s Club Faculty Achievement Award
    Purpose: Scholarship/Research
    Description: forgiveness research
    Date(s): 1995
  • Award for the Outstanding Research Paper
    Organization: National Conference on Forgiveness
    Purpose: Scholarship/Research
    Scope: National
    Date(s): 1993
  • Vilas Research Associateship
    Organization: UW Chancellor's Committee
    Purpose: Scholarship/Research
    Scope: UW Madison
    Date(s): 1990 - 1992
  • Wisconsin Student Association teaching award
    Purpose: Teaching
    Date(s): 1991
  • Chancellor's Award for Distinguished Teaching
    Purpose: Teaching
    Date(s): 1987

The following is a representative sample of media contributions.

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